Postmenopausal women with Mediterranean diet are less likely to suffer bone fracture

Researchers of a study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine found that postmenopausal women who rely on a Mediterranean diet were little less likely to experience hip fractures. Benefit of the diet to bone joins other benefits that are to heart and waistline.

The researchers came to the findings while they were trying to figure out if quality of diet has any effect on bone health in postmenopausal women. The Mediterranean diet includes vegetables, fruits, nuts, beans and peas, unrefined grains, olive oil and fish. One should restrict the amount of meat, dairy, and saturated fat in diet.

The researchers examined the data from 40 clinical centers all over the United States involved in the Women’s Health Initiative study. The data on 90,014 women with an average age of 64 was analyzed. The data was collected via questionnaire filled by participants as regard to their diet. After that, the researchers compared their diet with four common healthy diets that also include the Mediterranean diet.

After almost a period of 16 years, it was reported that there were 2,121 cases of hip fractures and 28,718 cases of total fractures. The researchers found that women who followed a Mediterranean diet were 0.29% less likely to be at risk of fractures than those whose diet wasn’t Mediterranean. The other three diets showed negligible success to reduce the likelihood for fractures.

“Our results provide assurance that widely recommended eating patterns do not increase the risk of fractures. This being said, the average woman should follow a healthy lifestyle which includes adopting a healthy dietary pattern and being physically active,” said lead study author Dr. Bernhard Haring of the University of Wurzburg in Germany.

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