While looking for the discovery of the origin of the Yiddish language, researchers have come across proof, proving that Ashkenazi Jews descended predominately from four northeastern Turkey villages.
Entitled ‘Localizing Ashkenazic Jews to primeval villages in the ancient Iranian lands of Ashkenaz’, the study was conducted by researchers from three universities of the UK, the US, and Israel. The study has appeared in the journal Genome Biology and Evolution.
The study leader, Dr. Eran Elhaik, a geneticist from the University of Sheffield, used a Geographic Population Structure device and succeeded in converting Ashkenazi Jews DNA into geographic coordinates.
The information revealed that 90% of Ashkenazi Jews were linked to the ancient villages of Eskenaz, Ashanaz, Iskenaz, and Ashkuz located near ancient Silk Road trade routes.
The researchers wrote, “We traced nearly all AJs, primeval trade routes in northeastern Turkey adjacent to primeval villages, whose names probably derived from ‘Ashkenaz’ We conclude AJs probably originated during first millennium when Iranian Jews Judaized Greco-Roman, Turk, Iranian, southern Caucasus, Slavic populations inhabiting lands of Turkey’s Ashkenaz”.
According to the research team, this is the proof that Yiddish was a Slavic language formed by Irano-Turko-Slavic Jewish merchants. They said that it doesn’t have German origin as normally thought.
They suggested that it was developed as a ‘cryptic trade language’, and has been in use along the Silk Roads. While speaking to Phys.org, Dr Elhaik said that language, geography and genetics were all linked.
Presently, nearly 50% of the world’s 10 million – 11.2 million Ashkenazi Jews put up in the United States, another 2.8 million living in Israel. They constitute nearly 75% of Jews, whereas Sephardi Jews make up the left 25%.
A report published in LaboratoryEquipment revealed, “The origin of Yiddish, the millennium old language of Ashkenazic Jews, is something which linguists have questioned for decades. Now, a pioneering tool – the Geographic Population Structure (GPS) – which converts DNA data into its ancestral coordinates, has helped scientists pinpoint that the DNA of Yiddish speakers could have originated from four ancient villages in north-eastern Turkey.”
The research, led by Eran Elhaik from the University of Sheffield, suggests the Yiddish language was invented by Iranian and Ashkenazic Jews as they traded on the Silk Road around the 9th century when they arrived Slavic lands. The ancient villages, identified by the GPS tool, are clustered close to the crossroads of the Silk Roads and are named Iskenaz, Eskenaz, Ashanaz, and Ashkuz – names which may derive from the word “Ashkenaz.”
“The gavialoids are a diversified group of mostly extinct long-snouted crocodylian species. Many of the evolutionary relationships between these species remain unclear; fossils of extinct gavialoids from South America and the extant Indian gharial gavialoid have similar telescoped eyes, but it was not known how these features evolved,” according to a news report published by HeritageDaily.
Their analysis suggested that the ‘storyteller’ crocodylian with slightly telescoped eyes represents the ancestral condition from which the South American lineage evolved telescoped eyes. The eyes therefore evolved in parallel in South American and Indian lineages, at first showing partial telescoping as in the ‘storyteller’ crocodylian, and eventually becoming fully telescoped as seen in later-evolving species. Both South American and Indian species adopted a river-dwelling lifestyle, and it is likely that telescoped eyes were adaptive, helping them to catch fish in these habitats.
According to a report in NationalPost by Zoe Demarco, “In an effort to discover the origin of the Yiddish language, researchers say that they have found evidence that proves that Ashkenazi Jews are descended predominately from four villages in northeastern Turkey.”
“We traced nearly all AJs to major primeval trade routes in northeastern Turkey adjacent to primeval villages, whose names may be derived from ‘Ashkenaz.’ We conclude that AJs probably originated during the first millennium when Iranian Jews Judaized Greco-Roman, Turk, Iranian, southern Caucasus, and Slavic populations inhabiting the lands of Ashkenaz in Turkey,” the researchers wrote.