In a formal signing ceremony of Paris climate agreement in New York in April, representatives from around 170 countries gathered in support of their initiatives to achieve the goal of 2 degrees Celsius of global warming limit. Nations participating in the agreement are considering reducing global warming produced by agriculture industry. The issue is whether these countries’ food production efforts are ready to meet this challenge.
Agriculture is responsible for contributing 10 to 12% of global emission. A research this week sated that agriculture alone is supposed to reduce non- CO2 emissions one gigaton a year by 2030 in order to achieve the target set by Paris climate agreement. However, more analyses indicated that present agriculture establishment would achieve 21 to 40% of the required goal for agriculture to achieve.
Some 199 countries have pledged to reduce agricultural emissions to achieve the big target of limiting global emission to 2 degrees Celsius. However, concern is being raised over how this would be made possible or are countries prepared for such a challenge. There is a possibility for ignoring targets set for the food sector to achieve.
The issue is that will countries be able to achieve their target involving agriculture without posing a threat to people’s consumption level. Such efforts should not be launched ignoring ever hungry world. There are certain ways that could be adopted to benefit both climate as well as the population seeking good food system.
One of the feasible solutions appears sustainable intensification of livestock. Livestock accounts for up to half of the emission in agriculture. Cows produce methane from digesting grass. This in turn contributes to emission. However, the problem can be controlled by introducing new breeds of cattle, which produce less methane and use developed food addictives to reduce dairy cow emission by 30% without affecting milk production.
According to a story published on the topic by Market Watch, “Last December in Paris, 195 governments reached a consensus on how to curb climate change over the coming decades. But, as usual when it comes to the United Nations, the deal that was struck was big on stated ambition, but far more modest when it comes to commitments to concrete action.”
The gap between real-world emissions and what will be needed to keep warming below the agreed-upon limits is rapidly widening. The UN has tasked the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to conduct a detailed investigation of how to meet the – already unrealistic – ceiling of 1.5 degrees Celcius. This implies a risk that the world will waste valuable time on yet another debate about lofty goals.
“International trade in food has grown markedly in recent decades. Some 20% of food now crosses an international border. That means there’s a good chance that your morning coffee, pre-gym banana, and after-work wine came from somewhere other than the country where you live. But global commodity markets, while delivering broad benefits, are fickle: opaque, distorted by subsidies, and increasingly prone to price spikes and crashes,” according to a recent QZ News report.
The Paris agreement did not happen overnight. The process began in Copenhagen in 2009, and its success is still not guaranteed. But it was born out of a simple realization: if a perfect agreement, with tough targets and binding enforcement, is not possible, an imperfect but still ambitious agreement might be the best way ahead. Agricultural trade negotiators, frustrated after more than a decade of stalemate, may well find that they agree.
A report published in News Max informed, “There are a lot of uncertainties behind some of the critical quantities that go into the [low] sensitivity calculation in this work,” Knappenberger concedes, the Daily Caller reports. “Until they can get rectified, it’s hard to know how much faith to put into the final result.”
Knappenberger’s own research has shown climate models have overestimated global warming for the last 60 years. Many climate scientists assume climate sensitivity – how much warming may occur with a doubling of CO2 – to be 3 degrees Celsius, an estimate given by the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in 2007.